Der Fußabdruck der EU auf die Arktis

In response to recent environmental and geopolitical changes, the EU has a growing interest in taking a more active role in Arctic issues. In 2007, the European Commission announced in its Integrated Maritime Policy a new focus on strategic issues relating to the Arctic Ocean. A key turning point for Europe on the geopolitical stage was the release of its report from the European Commission and the High Representative in March 2008, which called for the development of an EU Arctic policy. Following this report, in November 2008, the Commission’s Communication ? The EU and the Arctic Region, set out proposals for a more structured and coordinated approach to Arctic matters as the first layer of an Arctic policy for the EU. In December 2009, the European Council adopted ?Council conclusions on Arctic issues, emphasising the need for gradual formulation of a policy on Arctic issues to address EU interests and responsibilities in the region.4 The European Parliament‘s Draft Report on a Sustainable EU policy for the High North, which focuses on enhancing coordination for stronger EU coordination of Arctic research and information is expected in 2011.

Against this background, the Arctic Footprint and Policy Assessment (AFPA) project provides an assessment of Arctic environmental impacts from various activities that originate in the EU or are a result of the activities of EU citizens, and suggests areas where the EU can address this footprint today and in the future (up to 2030). At the same time the importance of the sustainable development of the region‘s natural resources for the benefit of local and indigenous people must be recognised. The focus is on improving the environmental effectiveness of existing EU policies across nine distinct issue areas, including:
1) biodiversity,
2) chemicals and transboundary pollution,
3) climate change,
4) energy,
5) fisheries,
6) forestry,
7) tourism,
8) transport and
9) Arctic indigenous and local livelihoods.

Detailed policy options associated with each issue area are provided to inform a new Arctic Policy for the EU.
There are multiple Arctic impacts to which the EU contributes significantly (>35% of global contribution). The policy assessment component of the analysis indicates that there are policies in place to address most of these impacts, both within the EU and globally. The environmental policies of the EU are based on international and European legal instruments that rarely refer directly to the Arctic. An EU strategy for the Arctic region would ideally consider the Arctic comprehensively, recognising the entire ecosystem and including its stewards and users. By developing environmental strategy specifically for the Arctic, using multilateral fora to reduce the environmental impacts from imported goods and services, and adapting its policies to international standards in Arctic governance, the EU could effectively contribute to Arctic policy making and reduce its Arctic footprint.

Results of the project can be obtained from the project website: www.arctic-footprint.eu

[date] News

[paper] Publikation

Final Report

[person] Kontakt

[website] Projekt Website

[person] Projektpartner

  • Ecologic Institute, Arctic Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute

[person] Kunde

  • DG Environment

[projects] Verwandte Projekte

[book_open] Verwandte Themen

[duration] Projektdauer

  • Dezember 2009 – Dezember 2010

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