How do we measure ecological sustainability? A comparison of selected physical accounting methodologies

Giljum, S. & Hinterberger, F. (2000)

In: Natur und Kultur. 1 (2), 26-43.

Energy and materials form the base for all natural and social processes on our planet. Thus, the implementation of ecological sustainability requires methodologies, which represent the metabolism of social systems in physical terms. This article presents four of the most influential approaches in physical accounting and defines criteria for a comparison of these methodologies. Understanding ecological sustainability as a global challenge demands for the application of comprehensive calculation methodologies, which indicate the demand for natural resources independent from the region of their occurrence.

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