Sustainability models: Aims, requirements, and applications

Stocker, A. (2006)

Successful and effective sustainability policies must be aligned at clear political defaults, whose observance can be measured and examined. Thereby, it is crucial to know, which economic (e.g. on economic growth, budged deficit, interest rate), environmental (e.g. on resource use and environmental quality) and social effects (e.g. on employment and income distribution) different suggested measures will presumably have in order to derive the best-suited mix of different policy instruments.

Sustainability models represent effective tools for the measurement of the effects of policy measures. They assist political decision makers in their choice of suitable instruments and measures, by regarding and quantifying conflicting aims between the different dimensions of sustainable development within one consistent framework. This paper describes the benefits of sustainability models and discusses some requirements that a model should satisfy for being able to properly evaluate sustainability strategies.

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